This therapy is based on the work of Freud. It suggests that because so much of what goes on in your mind is hidden and unconscious, it can be difficult to understand your own reactions and behaviours. It also suggests that early experiences of love, loss, sexuality and death can all contribute to emotional conflicts and determine how you relate to others later in life.

Psychoanalysis aims to help you become more aware of what goes on in your unconscious mind, so that you will be better able to choose how to live your life and feel better about yourself. This form of therapy can be lengthy and many people find it very intense.